Progress of Microprocessors to Enhance AI

  • Published Date : Jun 2023

Microprocessors must perform every multitasking task commanded by computers and other devices. Artificial intelligence wants processors which are fast in the moment and can deliver commands in no time so AI can perform tasks super smoothly and can satisfy end users. So let's understand how momentum is playing a key factor in delivering command:


The main aim of microprocessors is to generate momentum or speed; momentum means how fast the processor is responding to commands, generally measured in MIPS. (million instructions per second). It’s an application of RAM, ROM, nanoarchitecture, and clock speed. At present, microprocessors can generate more than 1 lakh MIS.

MIS is very important for the installation and usage of heavy-load applications. Heavy applications and software will be very common in the future, so the microprocessor industry needs to optimize the processors in such a way that they can provide maximum speeds to devices for a fluent user experience.

Difficulties to improve speed

The momentum with which microprocessors work is contrary to the dimensions of transistors. Compact and small transistors are bonded closely, so the electrical signals can flow faster. Compact transistors consume less energy and have maximum momentum. Small ecosystems or compact transistors help to increase momentum and will help AI to achieve goals fast as possible

Some facts:

  • If we talk about large computers or heavy graphic devices, efficiency may be increased by settling more transistors on larger transistors. But there are some limitations to expanding the size of the microprocessor itself. If we expand the size of the processor, the chances of fabrication defects will increase, and there will be more wastage of the wafer from which it is made.
  • Most microprocessors available on the market contain transistors created by 10 NM processes, and a chipset contains billions of transistors. Companies try to decrease the size of the chipset for better performance. 5 NM processors are also common in flagship devices.

Artificial Intelligence Chips

AI accelerators, or AI hardware, are microchips created and optimized to fulfil the needs of AI. AI has some specifications that these microchips use to enhance performance and help to develop a valuable interface which is adopted by users and devices. While AI works on command, the accuracy of chips is less needed because AI is customized in such a way that every task is done effectively. By implementing low-precision arithmetic, power can be saved from which microchips can bear a heavy load at a time. A whole programme of AI can be settled on a single chip, and the chip can be customized according to the AI language. Mentioning some approaches used for AI-optimized chipsets :

Neuromorphic Analysis

Neuromorphic computing analyses the workings of the human brain.
Implementation is done through spiking neural networks or SNNs. Every neuron sends information independently to other neurons. This information contains some weight. Different patterns and information travel between neurons.

Graphic Process Units (GPU)

GPUs were basically designed for graphics using parallel processing. And now they are optimised for AI as AI opens up components of parallel processing. Pictures are one of the most important components of AI because visuals play an important role in understanding the behaviour of users. AMD and Nivida are major market players using this technology effectively and efficiently.

These chips contain a lot of memory and graphic resources.

Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs)

Chips that have less weight play a very important role in the "inference" analysis of predicted data. It's mandatory that chips be close to the main application, e.g. In autopilot mode, Tesla has to make decisions about driving speed and implement breaks, so these commands are generated with the help of ASICs. Inference has a wide range of applications, including mobile phones, digital smartwatches, cameras, and many more. ASICs are mostly used for training purposes.

Field Programme Gate Arrays (FPGAs)

Mostly, FPGAs are used for inference and sometimes for training. They are so flexible and can be reprogrammed accordingly. Their efficiency is a bit lower than ASICs, and their market share is also lower; their market development remains a challenge. Intel and Xilink are big players in this tech

Other Technologies

AI technology also provides value to quantum research projects. AI can be a game changer for supercomputers and DNA computers, which have parallel working neurons or molecules. AI can be used in almost every field and can enhance the technology


AI is the most important tech of the 21st century, which boosts tech in every industry. A combination of AI and microprocessor can be a game changer and can unlock new gates of Intelligence, it can save the most precious thing which is time, and automation will be the primary target of AI Microprocessors are fueled by AI; of course, there are some challenges to settling both technologies together, but big market players and hardworking engineers have positive approaches. It's a growing market with huge potential.

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